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Types Of Colon And Rectal Surgery

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With every passing day number of problems and surgeries is increasing. In this article, we are going to discuss types of colon and rectal surgery that is the work of a colorectal surgeon. The different types of this surgery are Colectomy, Colostomy, Endoscopic surgery, Hemorrhoidectomy, Illeal Pouch Anal Anastomosis(J-Pouch), Inflammatory Bowel Disease Surgery, Internal Sphincterotomy, Rectopexy and Resection.


In this surgery, all parts of large intestine are removed. There are three types of Colectomy. In Segmental Colectomies, vertical incision is made over the diseased portion of bowel. Wider segment including lymph nodes are removed in case of cancer. Polypectomy is a type of colorectal surgery in Richmond in which cancerous polyps or a polyp is removed. A wired loop is passed through colonoscope to remove the polyp. Diseases, like familial polyposis, are treated with removal of the entire colon. Ulcerative colitis also requires removal of rectum along with colon. A new pouch is created to staple in back on the small bowel. This is joined to the anus.


Patients may find relief with medication and change of food habit. Otherwise rectal prolapse surgery is needed for some patients.


In this procedure, a doctor pulls one end of the colon through a hole in the abdominal wall. It alters the way the body removes excreta. Though it requires time to get adjusted, one can enjoy full life with a colostomy.

Endoscopic surgery:

Endoscopy is done with a wire along with a light and camera. This allows the surgeon to see in the bowel. It also helps in performing some procedures and no incision is needed in such case.


In case of hemorrhoids non-surgical treatments are used at the first. It includes medication and lifestyle changes. But surgery is necessary when these do not work on a patient. Local anesthesia and a hole around the anus is all that is needed. The patient can return home the same day.j-


In this procedure, large intestine is removed and a pouch is added that open in the anus. This internal pouch serves as the storage place for stool. It helps in bowel control. This removes the need of permanent opening along with the waste bag. IBD: